Windows 10 has a good number of features that help SSDs work fully, but aren't always enabled automatically. In addition, there are "enforceable rules" that we should have considered long ago, with SSDs first, but now they are not needed and, in some cases, even hypocritical.
How to configure SSD to have the best performance
Here we will review everything you can to make sure you get the most out of your SSD, both in terms of performance and durability.
Before you go, refresh the firmware
It's always a good idea that even before installing the operating system on a new SSD, you connect it to another PC and reinstall the firmware (if you don't have that opportunity, there is nothing possible to do with an application already installed, but it's worth doing it first).
Each SSD constructor has its own update method, so we recommend accessing the manufacturer's website on it download the latest version of your firmware and update it.
Enable AHCI in BIOS
AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface) is a great feature to make sure Windows supports all the advanced features of your new SSD, so installing it in the BIOS is something you should always do. For example, the TRIM function, which allows Windows to help the SSD perform garbage collection (when the drive removes no longer used data), is very important to extend SSD life.
Each board model is different, so each parameter is in the same place. You should usually find it under Advanced Options -> SATA or Storage Settings.
Make sure TRIM is active
As we just mentioned, the TRIM command of SSDs is very important to extend its useful life, so it's always good to make sure your SSD is enabled. Usually Windows 10 is already enabled, but as we say it's worth making sure. To do this, simply open the command prompt window and type the following command:
fsutil seteleteototify 0
This is all there is to it, unless you get it wrong, so you make sure TRIM is enabled.
Configure SSD without reference
By default, Windows comes with an "index" indexing tool where everything is, and goes a long way in improving speed when searching for files. However, one of the benefits of having an SSD is its speed, so this service is not only effective, but will also be used regularly to read and write your SSD cycles, to reduce its efficiency and active life, so it is recommended to disable it.
To do this, open the "Computer" window, right-click on your SSD and select Properties. In the window that opens, tick the box that says "Allow files in this drive to point to content outside the file properties."
After you do not set it, just click Accept and it will be done.
Keep the deviation running
In the past, the use of SSD manipulation was ineffective, since their job was to "move" the file fragments so they were merged and therefore had immediate access to them. With SSDs it did not need to be given its speed, and it is dangerous as many cycles are produced, reducing its useful life.
However, in the latest version of Windows 10 this has changed and in fact it is now no longer called Disk Defragmenter but "Maximize Drives". This tool now detects whether the device is SSD or not and works properly. The efficiency you are doing we can call "reTRIM", because what you do is a TRIM command function to ensure that garbaje compiler engine does its job.
To view it, simply click on Start and type "Add units". There, you can see how it is organized and change the configuration as you like.
Disable Prefetch and Superfetch
Sometimes Windows stores information in physical or virtual memory for applications that you don't currently use, but that you use often. This is known as "Prefetch" and "Superfetch", and it's a very unlucky thing to have an SSD because it's not given their speed, and it's actually controversial because it also produces write cycles and "waste" drives.
To configure your SSD without these features, you will need to open Windows registry (Click Start -> Type "Windows Registry") and go to the following registry key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINECversalControlSetControlSession ManagerMemory ManagementPrefetchParameter
Here you can find the parameters «EnablePrefetcher» and «EnableSuperfetch» (or just one in our example). Double-click on it and return the value to zero.
Disable Windows Search and the Superfetch service
Even if you have made more conversions, Windows keeps active apps causing SSD performance to decline. To activate the Services again, click on Start and type "Services". In the window that opens, search for "Windows Search" and "Superfetch" resources, right-click on them and then click Properties.
When the "Startup type" pine is selected, select "Disabled" and click OK. Next time you restart your PC, they will be disabled.
Configure SSD write cache
For many SSDs, user-level caching can have a detrimental effect on performance. To resolve this, you can manually disable the option on Windows and see how it works. You can always make it work again in case you notice it will be corrupted, and that depends on SSD and your use.
To do this, right-click the start button -> Device Manager. Here find your SSD drive, click on it and open Properties.
Here you can enable and disable write cache.
Close the file cleanup
Windows continues to use many things that are no longer needed. SSD works with Flash memory, makes it faster to write and easily pass data to disk, so a wrap file no longer needs to be uninstalled every time you restart or shut down a PC, because it doesn't produce performance improvements and instead does it. that is eliminated by writing cycles to the SSD.
To disable it, you must go to the Windows registry editor (Click on Start -> Type "Subscription Editor") and look for the following key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINECurrentControlSetControlSession ManagerMemory Management
Here you have to look at the values "ClearPageFileAtShutdown" and "LargeSystemCache", double-click on it and change the value to zero (0). If you don't have one of these two standards, you don't need to do anything.