Of course, processors are not confined to PCs or servers, but in fact almost all devices employ processors of some kind – from your alarm to your smartphone. However, and as the person who published this video by Intel, in this case we will explain how it is made, or what it contains in the product processor.
How to create Intel processor
In a space that is no bigger than a finger nail, the processor puts billions of tiny "switches" inside. transistors, which are the factors that make the processor work.
Once we know that, we will look at the process of producing processors, from their design until they reach our homes.
Before we become the "square" we get in our home when you buy a processor, it all starts with a simple idea at the head of company builders. These structures work closely with engineers and designers to create the first sketches of how the tool should work. These skirts, when they all agree, are final plans, complete with transistors, circuits and layers.
These layers are important, and the processor can contain up to 30 of them. Some layers contain transistors, some interfaces between layers that are different in a particular configuration to maximize their efficiency.
Transistors, such as "switches", can be turned on and off to represent those and the zeros of the binary system used at combinations of up to 5 billion times per second.
Template and mold creation
When designers, engineers and designers are happy with the design they have put into the plans, the project is referred to "Mask Ops", the engineers in charge of incorporating the design into a template that can be used once the processor is created.
To do this, the electron pulse (Electron Bean Machine) repeats this design on 6 × 6-inch quartz pieces, 1/4 inch thick. These components are called masks (Masks), and are later used to translate the internal rotation of the processor into silicon wafer. It is a type of mold, and it takes more than 50 Masks to make every layer of the processor.
The production process
As soon as all the masks are needed to process the processor, they go to the production stage and those Masks are sent to the factories, called Fabs. This is where these molds will be used to hold the circles in the frame, which you have seen many times before. Obviously, these waffles are not in that state, and before they go through the chemical process of converting sand (silicon) into the cakes we know.
The "print" mask on the wafers, using a technique called photolithography, where a the electron gun
This must be done with every masker to create layers of each chip. So, hundreds and even thousands of small chips can fit into a single die. And, once we are done, we move on to the next step in the processor process.
The preparation process
Once we have the cleaning supplies in place, we move on to the preparation and planning phase. Basically, a wafer contains hundreds or thousands of chips, and you have to cut them straight so you can separate all these temperatures from one another so we can use it in processors. In this case, the most accurate laser cutting equipment is used.
The result of this process is the death we all know, which is technological. When the chips are sliced, another machine transfers them to the next stage of preparation.
In the following section, the chips are put in a sort of rolled-up tire to be able to fly, because they have to be exported to other Intel Fabs: those to be assembled and tested.
Meeting and evaluation
At this stage, engineers test each chip individually and remove chips that do not work well or that do not meet the manufacturer's quality standards. If they pass the test, the chips will be placed on a passage with hot flashes (IHS), creating what we all know as a processor. This process is called assembly.
This outer packaging protects the chip from all damage, including shock, wrap or burn. This subfield has in its basement all the contacts needed for the processor to work in conjunction with the motherboard where we plug it in, of course.
When the assembly process is complete, the processor goes to the final step before it reaches us, which is stored.
Innovations and warehouses
In this final step, processors are placed in their boxes, along with heatsinks, instruction manual and more, and they are all bundled together. This is a product we will eventually buy.
From here, Intel sends its processors to OEM manufacturers, distributors and the entire sales network around the world, who will sell PCs through the already installed installation process, or will send that to stores where we can buy the processor.
You've seen it. From the moment the processor is designed to reach our homes, it goes through a complex process that happens to just about everyone, and involves hundreds of people.